The payout offers are made on Grid Interactive Solar Power. States decide the reference tariff to provide a basis, then initiate the tendering process, while the policies decide the stages of the tendering process. The Central Commission of Electricity Regulators (CERC) and the State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERC) revoke the leveled/benchmark tariff almost every year (or a few) years a few to adapt to market trends. During the tendering process, the rate shown may vary depending on the reference rate. In May 2018, the solar electricity tariff fell to a record high, with a private developer leading 2.44 INR per unit and slightly increased to 2.55 INR per unit in a tendering process in June 2019 (the tariff ceiling being 2.65 INR per unit) (The Economic Times, June 13, 2019). This price of solar electricity is much lower than the INR 17.91, the price of solar electricity (feed in Tariff) in 2010 (Center for Science and Environment, as in February 2016). According to experts, the solar tariff has been significantly reduced due to the practice of bidders and reduced costs for photovoltaic (PV) panels and other devices. The consultant Bridge to India suggests that Indian developers often do not disclose the risks (Livemint, March 20, 2017). To survive the low price, the quality of the installation could be compromised. If the facility is not fully quality for a period of 25 years, the facility may not be able to operate at full capacity. However, offering is a good initiative, in which developers have the freedom to determine the tariff and the buyer (which is usually the public distribution company in the case of solar electricity) to choose the lowest tariff.
LIST OF THE FACTS WHO HAVE SUBMITTED COMMENTS / SUGGESTIONS ON THE DISCUSSION PAPER DATED 6TH FEBRUARY, 2019 FOR DETERMINATION OF TARIFF FOR SOLAR PV POWER PLANTS States have already signed power purchase contracts (PPAs) with various thermal generation facilities to meet their electricity needs. The payment of thermal power is done by a two-part tariff structure — the fixed cost per unit (average is about Rs 1.60) and the variable cost (about Rs 1.65) and the average unit cost of thermal power at about 3.25%. Recently, the government of Andhra Pradesh decided in India to review mooring agreements (PPPs) with wind and solar power companies. AAEs are located between the “customer” buyer (often a public electricity supplier) and a private generator to ensure the payment flow (The World Bank, as in September 2019). The companies argued that the government had no say in the contracts signed between distributors and developers, while the Andhra Pradesh government argued that the high costs of AAAs were difficult to meet and that tariffs needed to be revised downwards (Economic Times, September 24, 2019). “6.1 (a). that…. ESCOM pays net energy/gross energy (if any) at the tariff that can be set by the Commission for the period from 1.4.2019 to 31.03.2020, under other conditions, if any, as stipulated in the tariff provision for the duration of the agreement.” The cost of capital, as proposed, includes evacuation infrastructure.
Available literature containing reports from international organizations such as IRENA indicates a rapid decline in module costs from 2015. They also show that the module`s cost reductions are not only influenced by significant increases in capacity and supply, but also, more recently, by improvements in the production process, a more competitive supply chain, technological improvements and efficiency gains associated with the increasing introduction of new cell models. In energy markets around the world, competitive pressure is increasing thanks to the persistent innovation capacity to reduce the cost of photovoltaic modules. As capital costs continue to fall, reducing the system balance, the MO and the cost of capital are important parameters for total costs.